PSS Speech and Language

Teachers: Mrs. LaRoche and Mrs. Mossal

ACES Book Fair!

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ACES Summer Classroom Supply Lists

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5 Super Cool Speech and Language Ideas for Summer!


Click the blue link for some fun ideas to improve your child’s speech and language skills this summer!

Stay cool, everyone!

Miss Jen


Posted in: ACES speech and language

5 Speech and Language Activities in the Car!


Some fun ideas for those long road trips!

Have fun!

-Miss Jen

5 Speech-Language Activities in the Car

    Road trips can be fun and exciting for the whole family, at least once you finally arrive where you want to be. Riding in the car for hours – especially in the backseat – can be extremely boring and depending on the car it might be a little uncomfortable. If your family is into long road trips, the best thing you can do is look for cash car lots near me and buy a vehicle that best suits road trips. After everyone’s comfortable another way to make time go by quicker is to add some games to it!

  • Categories: Think of a category and have your child find 3 items that belong to that category. For example, types of fast food restaurants, something red, or something circular are all easy to find outside. Switch roles and have your child think of the category.

WHY: This game promotes organization skills by encouraging your child to group                 vocabulary together.

  • 20 questions: Have your child choose a person, place, or thing in their mind. As their partner, ask questions involving salient features to identify what they are thinking of: what does it look like (shape, color, size), where can I find it, what is it used for, what category does it belong to? The idea is to figure out the mystery in 20 questions or less.

WHY:This is a great activity to boost vocabulary and encourage your child to                          identify the salient features of common nouns.

  • The Alphabet Game: Starting with “a” and keeping in sequential order, look for items outside that begin with the letters of the alphabet. This can be played as or team or against one another. The first one to get all the way to “z” is the winner!

WHY:The alphabet game is an easy word retrieval game with the context right in                   front of your child.

  • Talk Time: Talk about your day! If it is after school, have your child tell your 3 activities they did throughout the day. Have him/her provide specific information. For example, if he/she shares “I went to recess,” ask them what they did or who they played with. Encourage your child to share these activities in the order that they occurred. If talking before school, encourage your child to share 3 activities that he/she knows will occur throughout the day.

WHY: Improves organization of expressive language.

  • Speech sound practice: Have your child look out the window and find items that contain a speech sound they may target in therapy. For example, if targeting the /s/ sound, your child may see signs, stoplight, stores, or a school bus. Have your child repeat the target word 3 times and then place it in a sentence.

WHY: Frequent practice will help your child improve his/her articulation!


Written by: Katie Secrest

Posted in: ACES speech and language


Important Info

“Speech” refers to a child’s sound production.  “Language” is the way a child expresses himself and how he understands spoken language.  Speech language pathologists (SLP) view language in two categories: expressive and receptive language.  Expressive language includes the child’s use of grammar (morphology), vocabulary (semantics), word order (syntax), and social use of language (pragmatics) when he is speaking.  Receptive language refers to the child’s ability to understand the above concepts.

How language disorders may impact school performance

Language disorders can negatively impact many areas of school performance such as:

  • Vocabulary development
  • The ability to listen to instructions
  • Reading (decoding)
  • Reading comprehension
  • If a student has pragmatic language impairment they may have difficulty making and keeping friends due to the child’s lack of intuitive knowledge about social rules and social communication.

Language Norms 

By age one


  • Recognizes name
  • Says 2-3 words besides “mama” and “dada”
  • Imitates familiar words
  • Understands simple instructions
  • Recognizes words as symbols for objects: Car – points to garage, cat – meows

Activities to encourage your child’s language

  • Respond to your child’s coos, gurgles, and babbling
  • Talk to your child as you care for him or her throughout the day
  • Read colorful books to your child every day
  • Tell nursery rhymes and sing songs
  • Teach your child the names of everyday items and familiar people
  • Take your child with you to new places and situations
  • Play simple games with your child such as “peek-a-boo” and “pat-a-cake”

Between one and two


  • Understands “no”
  • Uses 10 to 20 words, including names
  • Combines two words such as “daddy bye-bye”
  • Waves good-bye and plays pat-a-cake
  • Makes the “sounds” of familiar animals
  • Gives a toy when asked
  • Uses words such as “more” to make wants known
  • Points to his or her toes, eyes, and nose
  • Brings object from another room when asked

Activities to encourage your child’s language

  • Reward and encourage early efforts at saying new words
  • Talk to your baby about everything you’re doing while you’re with him. It’s also best to give developmental toys during their four months old to help their vision and for the development of their multi-sensory. Check out the list of 2018 4 month old activities toys now here at
  • Talk simply, clearly, and slowly to your child
  • Talk about new situations before you go, while you’re there, and again when you are home
  • Look at your child when he or she talks to you
  • Describe what your child is doing, feeling, hearing
  • Let your child listen to children’s records and tapes
  • Praise your child’s efforts to communicate

Between two and three


  • Identifies body parts
  • Carries on ‘conversation’ with self and dolls
  • Asks “what’s that?” And “where’s my?”
  • Uses 2-word negative phrases such as “no want”.
  • Forms some plurals by adding “s”; book, books
  • Has a 450 word vocabulary
  • Gives first name, holds up fingers to tell age
  • Combines nouns and verbs “mommy go”
  • Understands simple time concepts: “last night”, “tomorrow”
  • Refers to self as “me” rather than by name
  • Tries to get adult attention: “watch me”
  • Likes to hear same story repeated
  • May say “no” when means “yes”
  • Talks to other children as well as adults
  • Solves problems by talking instead of hitting or crying
  • Answers “where” questions
  • Names common pictures and things
  • Uses short sentences like “me want more” or “me want cookie”
  • Matches 3-4 colors, knows big and little

Activities to encourage your child’s language

  • Repeat new words over and over
  • Help your child listen and follow instructions by playing games: “pick up the ball,” “Touch Daddy’s s nose”
  • Take your child on trips and talk about what you see before, during and after the trip
  • Let your child tell you answers to simple questions
  • Read books every day, perhaps as part of the bedtime routine
  • Listen attentively as your child talks to you
  • Describe what you are doing, planning, thinking
  • Have the child deliver simple messages for you (Mommy needs you, Daddy )
  • Carry on conversations with the child, preferably when the two of you have some quiet time together
  • Ask questions to get your child to think and talk
  • Show the child you understand what he or she says by answering, smiling, and nodding your head
  • Expand what the; child says. If he or she says, “more juice,” you say, “Adam wants more juice.”

Between three and four


  • Can tell a story
  • Has a sentence length of 4-5 words
  • Has a vocabulary of nearly 1000 words
  • Names at least one color
  • Understands “yesterday,” “summer”, “lunchtime”, “tonight”, “little-big”
  • Begins to obey requests like “put the block under the chair”
  • Knows his or her last name, name of street on which he/she lives and several nursery rhymes

Activities to encourage your child’s language

  • Talk about how objects are the same or different
  • Help your child to tell stories using books and pictures
  • Let your child play with other children
  • Read longer stories to your child
  • Pay attention to your child when he’s talking
  • Talk about places you’ve been or will be going

Between four and five


  • Has sentence length of 4-5 words
  • Uses past tense correctly
  • Has a vocabulary of nearly 1500 words
  • Points to colors red, blue, yellow and green
  • Identifies triangles, circles and squares
  • Understands “In the morning” , “next”, “noontime”
  • Can speak of imaginary conditions such as “I hope”
  • Asks many questions, asks “who?” And “why?”

Activities to encourage your child’s language

  • Help your child sort objects and things (ex. things you eat, animals. . )
  • Teach your child how to use the telephone
  • Let your child help you plan activities such as what you will make for Thanksgiving dinner
  • Continue talking with him about his interests
  • Read longer stories to him
  • Let her tell and make up stories for you
  • Show your pleasure when she comes to talk with you

Between five and six


  • Has a sentence length of 5-6 words
  • Has a vocabulary of around 2000 words
  • Defines objects by their use (you eat with a fork) and can tell what objects are made of
  • Knows spatial relations like “on top”, “behind”, “far” and “near”
  • Knows her address
  • Identifies a penny, nickel and dime
  • Knows common opposites like “big/little”
  • Understands “same” and “different”
  • Counts ten objects
  • Asks questions for information
  • Distinguished left and right hand in herself
  • Uses all types of sentences, for example “let’s go to the store after we eat”

Activities to encourage your child’s language

  • Praise your child when she talks about her feelings, thoughts, hopes and fears
  • Comment on what you did or how you think your child feels
  • Sing songs, rhymes with your child
  • Continue to read longer stories
  • Talk with him as you would an adult
  • Look at family photos and talk to him about your family history
  • Listen to her when she talks to you

Taken from:

Links/Resources/Home Activities Activitiesspeech/development/parent-stim-activities.htm

This site contains several methods of supporting a child’s language development from birth to age 6.

This site has a lot of materials!  It’s best to choose materials that line up with the student’s language-based goals, if he or she has them.  Be prepared to ask guiding questions and help them to understand the task.  Language can be tricky!  Ask your child’s speech language pathologists for help if you need it.

This site  has interactive games that target specific language skills.  The computer-based nature of these games can make them more reinforcing for some children.  It’s best for the student to play the game with you or in your presence so that you can answer any questions and ensure they put in their best effort.

This site has more materials which address specific language skills.  If you use these materials, be prepared to assist the child with understanding the task, and ask his or her speech language pathologist if you need help with this!



Posted in: ACES speech and language

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